Nunatsiavut Land Claims Agreement

(i) Labrador Inuit Association, evidence of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Labrador claim were the last to cover Inuit in Canada and the culmination of more than 15 years of negotiations. For generations leading up to the treaty, Labrador Inuit have almost consistently led to the preservation of their culture, language and society against increasingly intrusive external forces. Although this struggle is not over, the claim to land gives many Inuit hope that they will now be better equipped to protect their traditional way of life. However, as part of the report, several political organizations have been formed to give a united voice to Aboriginal groups. Although the Indian Act, and thus the 1969 report, did not directly influence the people of Newfoundland and Labrador, the surrounding public encouraged local Aboriginal people to form similar groups to better protect their cultural rights and traditions from external forces. According to the Nunatsiavut government,[25] someone who is a cabalnngajuk (plural: kabouleajuit) is "an individual who receives this designation according to Inuit customs and traditions." The Nunatsiavut government applies this denomination to someone who is either of Inuit and non-Inuit origin or is not of Inuit origin, but who settled in the present Nunatsiavut before 1940. Their ancestors were mainly fur traders from countries such as Quebec, Scotland, Norway and elsewhere, who often married Inuit. [26] The construction of the refinery resulted in numerous delays and cost overruns that led the proponent to make certain exemptions under the Mining and Mineral Rights Tax Act, S.N.L. 2002, c.M-16.1 (Act) to allow the developer to ship concentrate from the province beyond what had been agreed. This resulted in various amendment agreements and additional payments to the province in compensation, including a municipal investment fund for the citizens of Newfoundland and Labrador (the "additional payments"). The Nunatsiavut government did not receive any participation in the additional payments and the province authorized certain mineral tax deductions on the construction, operation and depreciation costs of the refinery, resulting in a drastic reduction in payments to the Nunatsiavut government.

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