In creating these types of agreements, the EU is looking at "borders" such as technical, social and environmental issues, so that trade policy contributes to the development of these countries or regions. Most countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific (ACP) implement or have signed economic partnership agreements with the EU. As part of the 2000 Cotonou Agreement, EPAs have become the main instruments for promoting trade between the EU and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) regions. They are the building blocks of trade relations between the EU and the ACP countries, one of the three pillars of the Cotonou agreement, and are supposed to be WTO-compatible. They are gradually replacing the EU`s unilateral preferential trading system. Fact sheets, Vietnamese trade in your city, texts of agreements, exporters Stories The European Union negotiates free trade agreements on behalf of all its Member States, as EU Member States have granted "exclusive jurisdiction" to conclude trade agreements. Nevertheless, the governments of the Member States control every step of the process (through the Council of the European Union, whose members are the national ministers of each national government). Discover more than 10 ways to support EU trade and development policy in the world`s least developed countries (LDCs). The European Court of Justice has ruled that the provisions relating to arbitration between the investor state (including a special tribunal under some free trade agreements) fall within the shared jurisdiction between the European Union and its Member States and that, for this reason, their ratification should be authorised by both the EU and each of the 28 Member States.  East and South Africa (ESA): in 2009, four countries in the region (Maurice, Seychelles, Zimbabwe and Madagascar) signed an EPA that has been applied on an interim basis since 14 May 2012. Parliament gave its approval on 17 January 2013.
The agreement is open to other countries and Comoros signed it in July 2017. The ESA and EU interim EPA committee has served seven meetings, the last of which took place in Brussels in January 2019. The parties agreed to broaden the scope of the EPA, including all trade-related issues, such as the link between trade and sustainable development, as well as civil society and parliament advisory bodies. They plan to make a formal decision on the enhanced EPA at their next meeting in Seychelles in January 2020, which will be a comprehensive, modern and quality agreement. The EU`s trade assistance service supports small traders in developing countries by allowing them access to the EU market and providing information on EU rules and regulations. The EU`s GSP preferential trading regime came into force in January 2014. It reinforces the emphasis placed by the EU`s unilateral preferences on the poorest developing countries in the sectors where they need them. The EU`s trade and development policy aims to promote trade for inclusive growth and development for developing countries.
The EU`s objective is to use the following trade and development policies for the benefit of developing countries, particularly for the least needy countries of the least developed countries: the ITC standards map contains information on international trade standards, codes of conduct and review protocols.